Dr. James D. Salierno

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Courses taught at FDU

Ecology
Ecotoxicology
Marine Ecology
Environmental Biology

Research Interests

I am interested in studying the effects of environmental stress on fish populations and community ecology in aquatic and estuarine systems.  These stressors could be anthropogenic contaminants, such as pharmaceutical and endocrine disrupting compounds, or natural, such as harmful algal bloom toxins and hypoxia.  Research investigating acute and chronic effects of stress and exposure on organisms is vital to understanding the extent of damage to the environment.  Fish are excellent organisms for investigating effects of contaminant exposure, and can serve as sentinels or indicators of environmental exposure, as they are integral components of their habitats, relatively easy to collect and maintain in the laboratory, and are constantly exposed to a variety of stressors.  Exposure-induced behavioral and physiological changes in organisms may lead to the inability to reproduce, forage, and avoid predators.  Behavior is an essential endpoint in which to study due to its direct ecological relationship with survival and reproductive success.  Further, behavior is driven by neuroendocrine, physiological, and environmental mechanisms.  This integrated, whole-organism, approach allows for the quantification of alterations in behavior with changes at the tissue and cellular level.  I intend to use both behavioral toxicological tools in conjunction with histopathology, endocrinology, and physiology techniques to assess and quantify these effects in native fish species. 

Education

Ph.D., University of Maryland College Park, Environmental Toxicology
M.S., University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Marine Ecology
B.S., University of Rhode Island, Zoology and Mathematics

Recent publications

Salierno, JD, Gipson, GT, and Kane, AS. 2008. Quantitative movement analysis of social behavior in mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus.  Journal of Ethology, 26: 35-42.

Salierno, JD, Shields, JD, Murphy, AZ, Hoffman, GE, and Kane, AS. 2007. Altered c-Fos expression demonstrates neuronal stress in mummichog, Fundulus heteroclitus, exposed to Pfiesteria shumwayae and Chaetoceros concavicornis.  Marine Biology, 152: 835-843.

Salierno, JD, Snyder, NS, Murphy, AZ, Poli, M, Hall, S, Baden, D, and Kane, AS. 2006. Harmful algal bloom toxins alter c-Fos protein expression in the brain of killifish, Fundulus heteroclitus.  Aquatic Toxicology, 78: 350-357.

Kane, AS, Salierno, JD, and Brewer, SK. 2005. Fish models in behavioral toxicology: Automated techniques, updates, and perspectives.  In: Techniques in Aquatic Toxicology, Gary K. Ostrander ed. CRC press, New York. pp 559-590.

Stine, CB, Baya, AM, Salierno, JD, Kollner, M and Kane, AS. 2005. Mycobacterial infection in laboratory-maintained menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus).  Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 17: 380-385.

Kane, AS, Salierno, JD, Gipson, GT, Molteno, TCA, and Hunter, C. 2004. A video based movement analysis system to quantify behavioral stress responses of fish.  Water Research, 38: 3993-4001.

Choich, J, Salierno, JD, Silbergeld, EK, and Kane, AS. 2004.  Altered brain activity in brevetoxin-exposed bluegill, Lepomis macrochirus, visualized using in vivo 14C 2-deoxyglucose labeling.  Environmental Research, 94: 192-197.

Salierno, JD, Rebach, S, and Christman, MC. 2003. The effects of interspecific competition and prey odor on foraging behavior in the rock crab, Cancer irroratus (Say).  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 287: 249-260.

 

Biology Department HomeBiology Faculty and Staff

Phone: (973) 443-8776
Email: salierno @ fdu.edu
Office: West Cottage 12

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